외국어를 여러개 하는 사람들을 Polyglot라고 합니다. 보통 두 개의 언어를 구사하는 bilingual부터 다섯개 심지어는 20여개의 언어를 구사하는 사람도 있습니다.
지금 세계에 남아 있는 언어는 소수부족의 언어까지 수천개가 쓰이는데 매년 수십개의 언어가 사라지고 있다는 리포트가 있습니다. 그러나 주제는 이것이 아니지요. 왜…영어를 배우는 사람들은 다른 언어를 쉽게 배우나…아니 이것보다도 어떻게 두개의 언어를 배운 유럽인들은 하나 더 늘이는 게 가능한가? 그것이 빠르게 언어를 습득할 수밖에 없는 태생적 이유가 있네요.
강의를 듣고 차분히 생각해보니 서양의 언어는 영어와 라틴어 독어 영어가 서로 영양을 주며 85%나 차지하고 기타 그리스어나 현대 구글등에서 나오는 신조어 등이 공통으로 있어서 최소한 어휘의 뿌리가 절반이상을 ‘먹고 들어간다’는 겁니다.
이 도표에서 보듯이, 그 점을 못 이해한 것은 아니지만 라틴어는 중,고교에서 배우는 미국이나 프랑스, 독일 학생들이 아니더라도 독일계, 프랑스계, 이탈리아계, 미국계 사람들은 자신들의 언어뿌리가 공통으로 사용되는 또 하나의 언어를 배우는데엔 다른 대륙의 사람들 보다도 쉽죠.
그러나 우리같은 아시아계 사람들에게도 영어나 불어 하나만 마스터하거나 비슷하게 따라 잡아도 스페인어나 이태리어 불어를 배우는데에 1000여개의 현대 실용어휘들은 눈으로만 봐도 알 수 있게 뜻이 따라옵니다. 그러니 하나를 배우면 또 하나는 더 쉽고…아는 언어가 많을수록 배우는 시간은 급속히 줄어들어서 마치 10자퍼즐을 하듯 괄호 ( ) 넣기처럼 약간의 변형이나 비슷한 어휘형태를 취하기만 해도 뜻이 통하고, 여기엔 나오지 않았지만 Sign Language (스페인은 국왕조차도 배움. 90%의 국민이 배움)도 언어소통을 돕습니다. 그러니 두어달 몰입하면, 또, 거리에만 나가도 실습을 할 수 있고, 이젠 Internet의 YOUTUBE를 통하거나 Skype, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram 등의 SNS를 통해서 하루에도 수십명 친구를 만들 수 있는 환경입니다. 그러니 이러한 ‘영어의 역사’ 강좌만 봐도 이제 그 내용이 더 수정되어야겠죠. 이젠 세계 모든 언어가 인터넷의 ‘Invasion/ influence’에 의해서 우리 언어의 상당부분을 지구촌 공통어로 만들어 가고 있습니다. 글은 달라도 말하면 통하는 그런 시대가 되었죠.
그러한 시대를 Smart Era라 합니다. Intelligent Era라도도 부르죠. 지식의 소통과 공유의 시대입니다.
게시일: 2016. 4. 13.
Did you know that the English word “human” has a Latin origin? And did you know that the word “people” actually comes from French? Today, hundreds of millions of people speak English either as their first or second language. But hundreds of years ago, the English language that we know today did not exist. It has been evolving through the centuries and continues to do so now.
Hello. I’m Gill from engVid, and today… As you know, I usually teach an aspect of the English language, but today, we’re going to be looking at the English language from a different perspective, a different angle, and looking at the history of the language and how it has developed, because the English language hasn’t always been the way it is today. It’s developed over hundreds and hundreds of years.
Now, today, hundreds of millions of people speak English all over the world, whether it’s their first language or their second language, or just one of the foreign languages that they speak and learn at school, and so on. So, hundreds of millions of people speak English and learn English. But hundreds of years ago, the English language that we know today didn’t really exist. It sort of got put together gradually by different historical events. So we’re going to go back in history now, and have a look at a timeline.
I don’t know if you’ve seen a timeline before, but it is literally the time, the years going from left to right, like you get on a graph if you’ve done graphs, and the time goes across along the line. So the different developments that happened can be shown on that line. So we’re starting here in 55 BC, hundreds of years ago, and we’re coming up to… Well, beyond. We have 1066, here, but because I ran out of space on the board, the time went on for such a long time, I couldn’t get all the centuries in, but I will still tell you about them. Okay. But these are the very interesting parts, which are on the board.
So, 55 BC, the Roman invasion of Britain, of the U.K., where we are at the moment. So, you’ve heard of the Roman Empire with Julius Caesar and all the other Caesars, the Roman Empire that spread in different directions, and Britain is one of the directions they spread in. They came here, and stayed for a while, and built some nice buildings, and they built a wall that goes across between Scotland and England, called Hadrian’s Wall, because the Emperor at the time was called Hadrian. So, anyway, when they came and stayed for some time, they brought their language with them, the Latin language. Okay? And the Latin language, it’s called a dead language today, but it has influenced so many other languages, especially in Southern Europe, so languages like Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, they all come from Latin. So, in this country, in the English language, we have had the Latin influence at different times. So, the Romans brought their Latin language with them. Okay? So that influenced the way people were speaking to each other as time went on. And the natives of this country started learning Latin words, and it became integrated into the language.
Okay, so let’s have a look at some of the words that we use today that were influenced or that came from Latin words. Right? And we have this pie chart, here, which you may know if you’ve been studying things for IELTS and the writing task. A pie chart… So, the whole circle represents 100%. So if you’re thinking of all the words in the English language at the moment, Latin, the Latin words that came from… Partly from the Roman invasion, we have 29% of the words in the English language have come from a Latin origin, from a source, Latin source. Okay. So here are just a few of very words that we use every day, really. Words like: “human”, “animal”, “dental” to do with the teeth, “decimal” which is to do with the fingers because we have 10 fingers, “decimal”, and “digital”, also fingers, “factory” where things are made, manufacture, “library” where you read books, “libre” meaning book, “library”, the building where the books are kept, “manual” to do with if you do things with your hand it comes from the Latin word for “hand”, “manual”. “Lunar” to do with the moon, because the Latin word for the moon was “luna”, “luna”. And “solar” to do with the sun, again, because the Latin word was like that, “solar”. “Military”, anything to do with soldiers because the Latin Roman Empire soldiers were… That was the word that was used for “soldiers”. “Melees” I think. And we also get our “mile”, the distance, the mile from that, because that was the distance that they would march, I think, before they had a rest or something like that.